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Theories Of Crime Causation

Research is being done so as to find the patterns and many factors that lead to criminal activities. This is because most governments are in the effort of fighting crime and providing safe communities and neighborhoods to live in. Theories that are said to promote crime are believed to provide the best insight into the crime. One must get these theories right to be able to fight crime in the most efficient way. These theoretical approaches are relevant. However, these approaches will be different in different individuals. Below are some of the theories of crime causation.

Biological and Development Life-course

The biological factors that are mostly looked into when we think of crime include the body physique and the inherited genes. These two are the most dominant. Others may include hormones, the brain and the evolutionary factors. Hormones especially in the youth in the teenage may be a major factor that leads to people getting involved in the crime. Inherited genes may also be a theory as many people that are in families that have had criminals in the past could bring up criminals in the future too. Malnutrition and some neurological problems are highly linked with criminal behavior. In life development, some research shows that some factors like the community, family and genetics may influence one’s personality. This may occur during certain stages of development but are believed to be more dominant in early stages of life development.

Sociological and Geographical Factors

Social factors are very many. Crime and criminal behavior are mainly contributed by the social factors. Most of the time, social factors lead to what is known as hate crimes. These crimes are made on the basis of color, ethnicity, class or religion. People that have been victims of these hate crimes may want to get back on the society by being in crime. Social factors most of the times bring about inequalities. It may make people fail to achieve their goals. In case some group of people gets in the same situation, it may lead to the formation of gangs. These groups may be involved in crimes. The other theory is a geographical factor. This includes the set up. People that are brought up in the urban set up are bound to be more into crime than those raised in the rural setup. The planning of space in the hangouts may be a major factor.

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